The Immigrant Experience 1880-1920
Between 1820 and 1924, thirty-five million people came to America from countries around the world. The trip to America was difficult and dangerous, but there were many factors that caused immigrants to want to leave their home-country (push factors) and come to the United States (pull factors).
When they arrived in America, most European immigrants had to go to a place called Ellis Island. At Ellis Island, immigrants were inspected before they were allowed into the United States. Other immigrants, primarily Asians, entered through Angel Island on the west coast; still more immigrants will come across the Mexican/United States boarder to the south.
As you complete the following activities, you will learn about experiences of some of the immigrants as they traveled to the United States. You will also explore what life was like for immigrants as they settled in the country, what hardships they endured and successes they earned. You will also research what lasting contributions immigrants have made to the United States.
Today almost 50% of all American citizens can trace their ancestry through Ellis Island. Most came to America from countries all over the world, as passengers booked in steerage class, on the many steamships that were ferried to Ellis Island for inspection. The vast majority had very little money and brought only the baggage they could carry. They endured a difficult and dangerous journey because of dreams of a new life filled with economic opportunity and religious & political freedom. This is where your journey will begin!
The Immigrant Experience 1880-1920
You will use Word to create an Immigration Experience Journal to keep track of your notes and artifacts from this web-quest. Please make sure you title each journal entry. For example, your first entry will be labeled, "Step 1: Vocabulary," your second entry will be titled, "Step 2: Ellis Island Tour," and so on.
Step 1: Vocabulary
Use a dictionary to look up these words and write them in your Immigration Experience Journal (you will create a word document for your journal). The Words:
- Immigrant 10. Interpreters
- Ancestor 11. Detainees
- Inspection 12. Quarantine
- Migration 13. Trachoma
- Famine 14. Laborers
- Deport 15. Exclusion
- Contagious diseases
Step 2: Ellis Island Tour
A. You must answer these questions in your journal:
- Take the complete Ellis Island Tour. Take notes in your journal of things you find interesting (at least 10 facts).
- Copy at least 3 photos that you find helpful onto your journal; make sure you label them so you know what they are later.
- When did the Ellis Island Immigration Station open?
- Why was it built?
- List several countries from which the immigrants who went through Ellis Island came.
- List the steps in the arrival process.
- What are some of the problems immigrants might face at Ellis Island? What are some of the reasons they might be detained..
- Choose the countries of 3 immigrant groups that came through Ellis Island.
Step 3: Angel Island Home Page:
A. In your journal answer the following questions:
- Explore this website. Take notes over things you find interesting (at least 5 facts).
- When did the Angel Island Immigration Station Open? Why was it built?
- What was the difference in processing time between Ellis Island and Angel Island?
- Write 2 sentences explaining why there might be a difference in the experience of the immigration at Angel Island and Ellis Island?
- How did many detained immigrants express their feelings?
- Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act?
- What were 'paper sons' and 'paper daughters' ?
- Pretend you are an immigrant detained for several weeks on Angel Island. Write a poem that you might have brushed or carved on the wall. Express your feelings about leaving your homeland, being detained on the island or your dreams for a new life.
Step 4: Tenement Museum
A. Over 10,000 people lived at 97 Orchard Street between the years 1870 and 1915. Explore this tenement and answer the following questions in your journal:
- Click on several floors and take notes (5) on who has lived there in l870 and 1915.
- How did the families organize their space?
- Make a list of activities that took place in each room.
- What things take place in your home today that do not or could not in 1900?
Step 5: Nativism- Answer the following questions:
- What is nativism?
- What did nativists object to?
- List and explain 3 laws passed that began to either exclude certain groups from coming to the United AStates, or hindered immigrants' abilities to participate in the democratic process.
- Define: settlement house, Social Gospel movement, Americanization Movement
- How did Jane Addams help immigrants?
- What was Jane Addams' goal?
Step 7: Immigration statistics
A. Answer the following questions based on the data on this website:
- Between 1880-1930, what year saw the largest number of immigrants? How many immigrants?
- From which continent did the most immigrants come from between 1880-2000?
- Look at the pie charts. Notice the pie chart for the years 1870-1910. Based on all you have learned, why do you think the number of Asian Immigrants coming to America was so low?
- Choose one decade (10 years). Look at the total number of immigrants that came from each continent during this ten-year period. Now determine the percentage of immigrants from each continent in this time period. Estimate.
Step 8: Meet Today's Young Immigrants
A. Read about two (2) young immigrants from THIS century. Their experience will be different from the immigrants of 100 years ago.
- Summarize the experience of these contemporary immigrants. Make sure you indicate what 2 immigrants you learned about
Your journal will be evaluated on the accuracy and completion of your entries. Use the check-list below to make sure you have adequately completed this quest:
Congratulations! You have finished your web-quest, and should have a good understanding of the experiences of immigrants to the United States at the turn of the 19th century. Please make sure you have printed off your journal and pass in to me.